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A Machine-Learning Approach for Classifying Defects on Tree Trunks using Terrestrial LiDAR

Abstract : Three-dimensional data are increasingly prevalent in forestry thanks to terrestrial LiDAR. This work assesses the feasibility for an automated recognition of the type of local defects present on the bark surface. These sin-gularities are frequently external markers of inner defects affecting wood quality, and their type, size, and frequency are major components of grading rules. The proposed approach assigns previously detected abnormalities in the bark roughness to one of the defect types: branches, branch scars, epi-cormic shoots, burls, and smaller defects. Our machine learning approach is based on random forests using potential defects shape descriptors, including Hu invariant moments, dimensions, and species. The results of our experiments involving different French commercial species, oak, beech, fir, and pine showed that most defects were well classified with an average F 1 score of 0.86.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02931277
Contributor : Isabelle Debled-Rennesson <>
Submitted on : Saturday, September 5, 2020 - 5:50:43 PM
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Van-Tho Nguyen, Thiéry Constant, Bertrand Kerautret, Isabelle Debled-Rennesson, Francis Colin. A Machine-Learning Approach for Classifying Defects on Tree Trunks using Terrestrial LiDAR. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, Elsevier, 2020, 171, ⟨10.1016/j.compag.2020.105332⟩. ⟨hal-02931277⟩

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