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Imaging of polychromatic sources through Compton spectral reconstruction

Abstract : Objective. Study the performance of a spectral reconstruction method for Compton imaging of polychromatic sources and compare it to standard Compton reconstruction based on the selection of photopeak events. Approach. The proposed spectral and the standard photopeak reconstruction methods are used to reconstruct images from simulated sources emitting simultaneously photons of 140, 245, 364 and 511 keV. Data are simulated with perfect and realistic energy resolutions and including Doppler broadening. We compare photopeak and spectral reconstructed images both qualitatively and quantitatively by means of activity recovery coefficient and spatial resolution. Main results. The presented method allows improving the images of polychromatic sources with respect to standard reconstruction methods. The main reasons for this improvement are the increase of available statistics and the reduction of contamination from higher initial photon energies. The reconstructed images present lower noise, higher activity recovery coefficient and better spatial resolution. The improvements become more sensible as the energy resolution of the detectors decreases. Significance. Compton cameras have been studied for their capability of imaging polychromatic sources, thus allowing simultaneous imaging of multiple radiotracers. In such scenarios, Compton images are conventionally reconstructed for each emission energy independently, selecting only those measured events depositing a total energy within a fixed window around the known emission lines. We propose to employ a spectral image reconstruction method for polychromatic sources, which allows increasing the available statistics by using the information from events with partial energy deposition. The detector energy resolution influences the energy window used to select photopeak events and therefore the level of contamination by higher energies. The spectral method is expected to have a more important impact as the detector resolution worsens. In this paper we focus on energy ranges from nuclear medical imaging and we consider realistic energy resolutions.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03808491
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 23, 2022 - 9:29:01 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 23, 2022 - 9:45:11 PM

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Enrique Muñoz, A. Etxebeste, Denis Dauvergne, Jean Michel Létang, David Sarrut, et al.. Imaging of polychromatic sources through Compton spectral reconstruction. Physics in Medicine and Biology, 2022, 67 (19), pp.195017. ⟨10.1088/1361-6560/ac92b9⟩. ⟨hal-03808491⟩

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