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Greedy solution of ill-posed problems: error bounds and exact inversion

Abstract : The orthogonal matching pursuit (OMP) is a greedy algorithm to solve sparse approximation problems. Sufficient conditions for exact recovery are known with and without noise. In this paper we investigate the applicability of the OMP for the solution of ill-posed inverse problems in general, and in particular for two deconvolution examples from mass spectrometry and digital holography, respectively. In sparse approximation problems one often has to deal with the problem of redundancy of a dictionary, i.e. the atoms are not linearly independent. However, one expects them to be approximatively orthogonal and this is quantified by the so-called incoherence. This idea cannot be transferred to ill-posed inverse problems since here the atoms are typically far from orthogonal. The ill-posedness of the operator probably causes the correlation of two distinct atoms to become huge, i.e. that two atoms look much alike. Therefore, one needs conditions which take the structure of the problem into account and work without the concept of coherence. In this paper we develop results for the exact recovery of the support of noisy signals. In the two examples, mass spectrometry and digital holography, we show that our results lead to practically relevant estimates such that one may check a priori if the experimental setup guarantees exact deconvolution with OMP. Especially in the example from digital holography, our analysis may be regarded as a first step to calculate the resolution power of droplet holography.
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Contributor : Loïc Denis <>
Submitted on : Thursday, November 5, 2009 - 4:29:06 PM
Last modification on : Monday, January 13, 2020 - 5:46:02 PM

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Loïc Denis, Dirk Lorenz, Dennis Trede. Greedy solution of ill-posed problems: error bounds and exact inversion. Inverse Problems, IOP Publishing, 2009, 25, pp.115017. ⟨10.1088/0266-5611/25/11/115017⟩. ⟨ujm-00430075⟩



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