Thrombin generation and heparin-induced thrombocytopenia.

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is a severe complication of heparin therapy. IgG antibodies targeting the platelet factor 4-heparin complex activate platelets and generate microparticles with procoagulant activity. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the thrombin generation assay is capable of detecting procoagulant activity induced by patient platelet-poor plasma (PPP) in donor platelet-rich plasma (PRP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We explored two groups of patients; group 1 (n = 23): patients with a positive clinical and biological diagnosis of HIT; group 2 (n = 25): patients with a negative clinical and biological diagnosis of HIT. Mixtures of donor PRP and patient PPP (1:1) were incubated either with unfractionated heparin 0.2 U mL(-1) or with physiological saline. Thrombin generation was assessed by calibrated thrombinography. The effect of heparin on the mixtures was evaluated according to the ratio of the values with and without heparin (wH/woH) of the five thrombogram parameters. RESULTS: With low heparin concentrations, plasma of group 1 activates donor platelets and generates procoagulant activity. A set of three ratios outside the cut-off values corresponds to the 'HIT thrombogram profile', characterized by a highly specific aspect of the thrombogram wH in relation to the thrombogram woH. None of the group 2 patients presented a HIT thrombogram profile. The results of thrombinography correlate well with the results of the platelet aggregation test. CONCLUSION: Our studies illustrate the central paradox of HIT, namely enhancement of thrombin generation in the presence of heparin. The HIT thrombogram profile as it is defined in this study can detect the procoagulant activity of HIT IgG antibodies.
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https://hal-ujm.archives-ouvertes.fr/ujm-00439714
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 8, 2009 - 2:24:32 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 7, 2019 - 12:18:08 PM

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B. Tardy-Poncet, M. Piot, C. Chapelle, G. France, L. Campos, et al.. Thrombin generation and heparin-induced thrombocytopenia.. Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis, Wiley, 2009, 7 (9), pp.1474-81. ⟨10.1111/j.1538-7836.2009.03514.x⟩. ⟨ujm-00439714⟩

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