[Prolongation of anti vitamin K treatment for 18 months versus placebo after 6 months treatment of a first episode of ideopathic pulmonary embolism: a mutlicentre, randomised double blind trail. The PADIS-EP Trial]

Abstract : BACKGROUND: After stopping a 3 to 6 months course of oral anticoagulation for a first episode of idiopathic venous thromboembolism (VTE), the risk of recurrent VTE is high (10% per year). In this setting, international guidelines recommend at least 6 months treatment. However, this recommendation is not satisfactory for the following reasons: (1) no randomized trial has compared 6 months to extended duration (2 years) anticoagulation; and (2), even though the frequency of recurrent VTE is similar after pulmonary embolism (PE) and deep vein thrombosis (DVT), the fatality rate of recurrent VTE after PE is higher than that after DVT. METHODS: A French multicentre double blind randomized trial. The main objective is to demonstrate, after a first episode of symptomatic idiopathic PE treated for 6 months using a vitamin K antagonist, that extended anticoagulation for 18 months (INR between 2 and 3) is associated with an increased benefit / risk ratio (recurrent VTE and severe anticoagulant-related bleeding) compared to placebo. The double blind evaluation is ensured using by active warfarin and placebo, and blinded INR. The protocol was approved by the ethics board of the Brest Hospital on the 7th of March 2006. For an alpha risk of 5% and a beta risk of 20%, the estimated sample size is 374 patients. EXPECTED RESULTS: This study has the potential to: (1) demonstrate that the benefit / risk ratio of extended anticoagulation for 18 months is higher than that observed with placebo in patients with a first episode of idiopathic PE initially treated for 6 months, during and after the treatment period; and (2) to validate or invalidate the contribution of isotope lung scans, lower limb Doppler ultrasound and D-Dimer at 6 months of treatment as predictors of recurrent VTE (medico-economic analysis included).
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Article dans une revue
Revue des Maladies Respiratoires, Elsevier Masson, 2008, 25 (7), pp.885-93
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Contributeur : Patrick Mismetti <>
Soumis le : mardi 8 décembre 2009 - 14:49:25
Dernière modification le : jeudi 11 janvier 2018 - 06:19:47

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  • HAL Id : ujm-00439737, version 1
  • PUBMED : 18946418

Citation

F. Couturaud, G. Pernod, C. Pison, P. Mismetti, O. Sanchez, et al.. [Prolongation of anti vitamin K treatment for 18 months versus placebo after 6 months treatment of a first episode of ideopathic pulmonary embolism: a mutlicentre, randomised double blind trail. The PADIS-EP Trial]. Revue des Maladies Respiratoires, Elsevier Masson, 2008, 25 (7), pp.885-93. 〈ujm-00439737〉

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