SR123781A: a new once-daily synthetic oligosaccharide anticoagulant for thromboprophylaxis after total hip replacement surgery: the DRIVE (Dose Ranging Study in Elective Total Hip Replacement Surgery) study.

Abstract : OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the dose response of SR123781A for the prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients undergoing total hip replacement (THR) surgery. BACKGROUND: Despite VTE preventive measures, residual VTE complications still occur after THR. SR123781A, a synthetic oligosaccharide with a mixed profile of anti-factor Xa and IIa activities, could be an alternative to current treatments. METHODS: In this double-blind study, 1,023 patients undergoing THR were randomly assigned to 1 of 5 daily doses of SR123781A or to a calibrator arm of enoxaparin 40 mg. Treatment was continued for 10 days or until bilateral venography was performed after a minimum of 5 days. RESULTS: A significant dose-response effect for VTE was observed for SR123781A (p < 0.0001). The VTE rates were 21.2%, 17.7%, 13.5%, 7.0%, and 4.4% in the 0.25-, 0.5-, 1.0-, 2.0-, and 4.0-mg dose groups of SR123781A, respectively, and 8.7% in the enoxaparin group. Doses of 2.0 and 4.0 mg of SR123781A reduced the risk of VTE by 67% and 79%, respectively, compared with the 0.25-mg dose group. Major bleeding was observed in 1.2%, 0.6%, 0.6%, 0.6%, and 5.8% of the patients in the 0.25-, 0.5-, 1.0-, 2.0-, and 4.0-mg dose groups of SR123781A, respectively, and in 0.6% of patients in the enoxaparin group. The dose-response effect for major bleeding was significant (p = 0.0037). CONCLUSIONS: The model based on these dose-finding study results suggests that SR123781A doses ranging from 1.5 to 2.5 mg show a reasonable risk-to-benefit ratio for VTE prevention after major orthopedic surgery.
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Michael R Lassen, Ola Dahl, Patrick Mismetti, Dirk Zielske, Alexander G G Turpie. SR123781A: a new once-daily synthetic oligosaccharide anticoagulant for thromboprophylaxis after total hip replacement surgery: the DRIVE (Dose Ranging Study in Elective Total Hip Replacement Surgery) study.. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, Elsevier, 2008, 51 (15), pp.1498-504. ⟨10.1016/j.jacc.2008.03.007⟩. ⟨ujm-00439758⟩

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