Obstetrical and neonatal characteristics vary with birthweight in a cohort of 100 term newborns with symptomatic arterial ischemic stroke.

Abstract : OBJECTIVES: Many questions remain regarding the mechanism of perinatal stroke. METHODS: In a series of 100 prospectively enrolled term neonates with symptomatic arterial ischemic stroke, we explored family antecedents, pregnancy and delivery conditions and clinical presenting features and distinguished features of the 50 larger infants with the remainder. Cardiac and cervical arterial imaging were performed in 70 and 51 cases. RESULTS: Previous fetal loss, first pregnancy, primiparity, twin-gestation, cesarean and traumatic delivery, neonatal distress, male sex and premature rupture of membranes were statistically more common than in the general population. Normal pregnancy proportion and mean birthweight were in the normal range, arguing against a vasculo-placental origin in the majority. Furthermore, there was an excess of large babies. The larger infants were more subject to suffer from acute perinatal events, with a trend for an excess of neonatal distress (p=0.065) and for more severe presenting features (p=0.027), while the lighter were more likely to have experienced longstanding obstetrical risk factors such as complicated pregnancy (p=0.047) and tobacco exposure (p=0.028). Cervical MR angiography showed an internal carotid occlusion in two babies, whereas echo-Doppler was always normal; in one case the two methods were discordant. Echocardiography was non-informative. INTERPRETATION: The data from this prospective cohort of neonates with stroke confirm that many obstetrical and perinatal factors are risk determinants. They also suggest that birthweight and gender may be biomarkers of two populations of neonates with different pathological mechanisms. MR angiography appears more sensitive than echo-Doppler for the exploration of the neonatal cervical vasculature.
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European journal of paediatric neurology : EJPN : official journal of the European Paediatric Neurology Society, 2009, epub ahead of print. 〈10.1016/j.ejpn.2009.05.004〉
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https://hal-ujm.archives-ouvertes.fr/ujm-00440064
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Soumis le : mercredi 9 décembre 2009 - 11:43:07
Dernière modification le : mercredi 11 juillet 2018 - 18:06:04

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Stéphane Chabrier, Elie Saliba, Sylvie Nguyen The Tich, Aude Charollais, Marie-Noëlle Varlet, et al.. Obstetrical and neonatal characteristics vary with birthweight in a cohort of 100 term newborns with symptomatic arterial ischemic stroke.. European journal of paediatric neurology : EJPN : official journal of the European Paediatric Neurology Society, 2009, epub ahead of print. 〈10.1016/j.ejpn.2009.05.004〉. 〈ujm-00440064〉

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