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Journal Articles New Journal of Physics Year : 2012

Guiding heat in laser ablation of metals on ultrafast timescales: an adaptive modeling approach on aluminum

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Abstract

Using an optimal control hydrodynamic modeling approach and irradiation adaptive time-design, we indicate excitation channels maximizing heat load in laser ablated aluminum at low energy costs. The primary relaxation paths leading to an emerging plasma are particularly affected. With impulsive pulses on ps pedestals, thermodynamic trajectories are preferentially guided in ionized domains where variations in ionization degree occur. This impinges on the gas-transformation mechanisms and triggers a positive bremsstrahlung absorption feedback. The highest temperatures are thus obtained in the expanding ionized matter after a final impulsive excitation, as the electronic energy relaxes recombinatively. The drive relies on transitions to weakly coupled front plasmas at the critical optical density, favoring energy confinement with low mechanical work. Alternatively, robust collisional heating occurs in denser regions above the critical point. This impacts the nature, the excitation degree and the energy content of the ablated matter. Adaptive modeling can therefore provide optimal strategies with information on physical variables not readily accessible and, as experimentally confirmed, databases for pulse shapes with interest in remote spectroscopy, laser-induced matter transfer, laser material processing and development of secondary sources.

Dates and versions

ujm-00661936 , version 1 (21-01-2012)

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Jean-Philippe Colombier, Patrick Combis, Eric Audouard, Razvan Stoian. Guiding heat in laser ablation of metals on ultrafast timescales: an adaptive modeling approach on aluminum. New Journal of Physics, 2012, 14, pp.013039. ⟨10.1088/1367-2630/14/1/013039⟩. ⟨ujm-00661936⟩
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