A B-spline based and computationally performant projector for iterative reconstruction in tomography - Application to dynamic X-ray gated CT

Fabien Momey 1, 2 Loïc Denis 1, 2 Catherine Mennessier 1 Éric Thiébaut 2 Jean-Marie Becker 3 Laurent Desbat 4
3 Laboratoire Hubert Curien / Eris
LHC - Laboratoire Hubert Curien [Saint Etienne]
4 TIMC-IMAG-GMCAO - Gestes Medico-chirurgicaux Assistés par Ordinateur
TIMC-IMAG - Techniques de l'Ingénierie Médicale et de la Complexité - Informatique, Mathématiques et Applications, Grenoble
Abstract : Data modelization in tomography is a key point for iterative reconstruction. The design of the projector starts with the representation of the object of interest, decomposed on a discrete basis of functions. Standard models of projector such as ray driven, or more advanced models such as distance driven, use simple cubic voxels, which result in modelization errors due to their anisotropic behaviour. Moreover approximations made at the projection step increase these errors. Long, Fessler and Balter reduce approximation errors by projecting the cubic voxels more accurately. However anisotropy errors still hold. Spherically symmetric volume elements (blobs) eradicate them, but at the cost of increased complexity. We propose a compromise between these two approaches by using B-splines as basis functions. Their quasi-isotropic behaviour allows to avoid projection inconsistencies, while conserving local influence. Small approximations transform the exact footprint (projection of the basis function) into a separable function, which does not depend on the angle of projection, and is easier and faster to integrate on detector pixels. We obtain a more accurate projector, with no additional computation cost. Such an improvement is particularly of interest in the case of dynamic gated X-ray CT, which can be considered as a tomographic reconstruction problem with very few projection data, and for which we show some preliminary results, with an original method of iterative reconstruction, using spatio-temporal regularization of the "space + time" sequence, and making no use of motion estimation.
Type de document :
Communication dans un congrès
2012 Second International Conference on Image Formation in X-Ray Computed Tomography, Jun 2012, Salt Lake City, United States. T3 pp157-160, 2012
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Contributeur : Fabien Momey <>
Soumis le : lundi 9 juillet 2012 - 16:29:43
Dernière modification le : vendredi 26 octobre 2018 - 17:12:03
Document(s) archivé(s) le : mercredi 10 octobre 2012 - 02:30:17

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  • HAL Id : ujm-00715785, version 1

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Fabien Momey, Loïc Denis, Catherine Mennessier, Éric Thiébaut, Jean-Marie Becker, et al.. A B-spline based and computationally performant projector for iterative reconstruction in tomography - Application to dynamic X-ray gated CT. 2012 Second International Conference on Image Formation in X-Ray Computed Tomography, Jun 2012, Salt Lake City, United States. T3 pp157-160, 2012. 〈ujm-00715785〉

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