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Journal Articles Journal of Algebra Year : 2015

## On the Pierce-Birkhoff Conjecture

François Lucas
• Function : Author
• PersonId : 756097
• IdRef : 16910088X
Daniel Schaub
• Function : Author
Mark Spivakovsky

#### Abstract

This paper represents a step in our program towards the proof of the Pierce--Birkhoff conjecture. In the nineteen eighties J. Madden proved that the Pierce-Birkhoff conjecture for a ring A$is equivalent to a statement about an arbitrary pair of points$\alpha,\beta\in\sper\ A$and their separating ideal$<\alpha,\beta>$; we refer to this statement as the Local Pierce-Birkhoff conjecture at$\alpha,\beta$. In this paper, for each pair$(\alpha,\beta)$with$ht(<\alpha,\beta>)=\dim A$, we define a natural number, called complexity of$(\alpha,\beta)$. Complexity 0 corresponds to the case when one of the points$\alpha,\beta$is monomial; this case was already settled in all dimensions in a preceding paper. Here we introduce a new conjecture, called the Strong Connectedness conjecture, and prove that the strong connectedness conjecture in dimension n-1 implies the connectedness conjecture in dimension n in the case when$ht(<\alpha,\beta>)$is less than n-1. We prove the Strong Connectedness conjecture in dimension 2, which gives the Connectedness and the Pierce--Birkhoff conjectures in any dimension in the case when$ht(<\alpha,\beta>)$less than 2. Finally, we prove the Connectedness (and hence also the Pierce--Birkhoff) conjecture in the case when dimension of A is equal to$ht(<\alpha,\beta>)=3$, the pair$(\alpha,\beta)$is of complexity 1 and$A\$ is excellent with residue field the field of real numbers.

#### Domains

Algebraic Geometry [math.AG]

### Dates and versions

ujm-00721187 , version 1 (26-07-2012)

### Identifiers

• HAL Id : ujm-00721187 , version 1
• ARXIV :
• DOI :

### Cite

François Lucas, Daniel Schaub, Mark Spivakovsky. On the Pierce-Birkhoff Conjecture. Journal of Algebra, 2015, vol. 435, p. 124-158. ⟨10.1016/j.jalgebra.2015.04.005⟩. ⟨ujm-00721187⟩

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