Expanded-core waveguides written by femtosecond laser irradiation in bulk optical glasses

Abstract : Expanded-core structures based on layered increased index (type I) waveguiding traces are fabricated by ultrafast laser photoinscription in bulk optical glasses, with examples for fused silica and chalcogenide glasses. The expanded-core waveguides can serve for large-mode-area guiding concepts and their feasibility is experimentally investigated. A parametric study of the geometry, number of traces and index contrast indicates the possibility to design guided modes characteristics as exemplified in fused silica. A specific arrangement consisting of 8 traces of guiding layers with 6μm separation exhibit single-mode transport properties with mode field area of ~805μm2. The condition of single mode operation is also discussed in the frame of the dispersion relation of light guiding in periodical dielectric structures. The supported supermode of expanded-core structures can be controlled by careful design of the refractive index change, the number of guiding layers and the thickness of the interlayers. Inspection of the propagation characteristics shows equally low loss features. A Y-branching splitter based on expanded-core concept conserving single mode characteristics is fabricated. The optical design is equally successfully tested in chalcogenide Gallium Lanthanum Sulfide glass. Ultrafast laser inscribed expanded-core waveguiding provides therefore an interesting path of fabricating large mode area waveguides usable in near infrared and mid-infrared region beneficial for applications requiring high power or large mode dimensions.
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Journal articles
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https://hal-ujm.archives-ouvertes.fr/ujm-01081997
Contributor : Razvan Stoian <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, November 12, 2014 - 1:49:54 PM
Last modification on : Monday, August 5, 2019 - 1:38:01 PM

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Xin Liu, Wenfu Zhang, Wei Zhao, Razvan Stoian, Guanghua Cheng. Expanded-core waveguides written by femtosecond laser irradiation in bulk optical glasses. Optics Express, Optical Society of America, 2014, 22 (23), pp.28771. ⟨10.1364/OE.22.028771⟩. ⟨ujm-01081997⟩

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