Gold nanoparticles assembly on electrospun poly(vinylalcohol) /poly(ethyleneimine)/glucose oxidase nanofibers for ultrasensitive electrochemical glucose biosensing

Eleni Sapountzi 1 Mohamed Braiek 2, 1 Francis Vocanson 3, 4 Jean-François Chateaux 5 Nicole Jaffrezic-Renault 1 Florence Lagarde 1, *
* Auteur correspondant
1 Interfaces & biosensors - Interfaces & biocapteurs
ISA - Institut des Sciences Analytiques
5 INL - LOCI - INL - Lab-On-Chip et Instrumentation
INL - Institut des nanotechnologies de Lyon - Site d'Ecully, INL - Institut des Nanotechnologies de Lyon - Site de l'INSA, INL - Institut des Nanotechnologies de Lyon - Site de l'UCBL, INL - Institut des Nanotechnologies de Lyon - Site CPE
Abstract : In this paper, we report a novel and efficient bioactive surface nanostructuration method using enzyme-based electrospun nanofibers decorated with gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) for electrochemical biosensors application. Poly(vinyl alcohol)/poly(ethyleneimine) nanofibers (PVA/PEI NFs) were first produced at the surface of gold electrodes in a one-step and rapid electrospinning process. Different parameters such as electrospun solution feed rate, applied voltage and distance between tip and collector were tailored to produce NFs with minimal beading. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to characterize their morphology. It was shown that adhesion of the fibers mat onto the electrodes could be improved by modifying the surface with a self-assembled monolayer of 4-aminothiophenol (4-ATP), bearing thiol groups for covalent binding to the gold surface and amine groups to react with the amine groups of PEI in a subsequent cross-linking step using glutaraldehyde vapors. This step not only helped anchoring the NFs onto the electrode but also improved their water stability. The electrochemical properties of electrospun PVA/PEI nanofibrous mats were characterized by cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The NFs conductive properties could be significantly improved by decorating them with AuNPs. The highest density of particles was observed using Au colloidal solutions of pH 5, which could be attributed to hydrogen bondings and ionic interactions between the amine groups of PEI and the carboxylic groups of citrate-stabilized Au NPs. Glucose oxidase (GOx), used as model enzyme, was further incorporated into the PVA/PEI mixture, before electrospinning, resulting in the fabrication of 4-ATP/PVA/PEI/GOx NFs. Enzyme activity was preserved and the obtained biosensor enabled successful detection of glucose by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. This novel glucose biosensor exhibited a good stability, the response was linear in the 10–200 μM range and a very low limit of detection (0.9 μM) could be achieved.
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Article dans une revue
Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, Elsevier, 2017, 238, pp.392-401. 〈10.1016/j.snb.2016.07.062〉
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https://hal-ujm.archives-ouvertes.fr/ujm-01514982
Contributeur : F Vocanson <>
Soumis le : mercredi 26 avril 2017 - 19:01:38
Dernière modification le : mardi 13 février 2018 - 15:59:03

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Eleni Sapountzi, Mohamed Braiek, Francis Vocanson, Jean-François Chateaux, Nicole Jaffrezic-Renault, et al.. Gold nanoparticles assembly on electrospun poly(vinylalcohol) /poly(ethyleneimine)/glucose oxidase nanofibers for ultrasensitive electrochemical glucose biosensing . Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, Elsevier, 2017, 238, pp.392-401. 〈10.1016/j.snb.2016.07.062〉. 〈ujm-01514982〉

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