Well-controlled femtosecond laser inscription of periodic void structures in porous glass for photonic applications

Abstract : We report control possibilities over ultrafast laser-induced periodic void lines in porous glass. Instead of high intensity regime leading to filaments, multi-pulse irradiation with high repetition rate (500 kHz) and various writing speed is used here in a transverse geometry. The formation of a perfectly controlled periodic void structure is shown to rely on such parameters as laser energy per pulse and scanning speed. In particular, both the threshold energy required for this effect and the period of the fabricated void arrays are shown to rise linearly with the number of the applied laser pulses per spot, or with a decreasing writing speed. To explain these results, a thermodynamic analysis is performed. The obtained dependencies are correlated with linear energy losses, whereas the periodicity of the observed structures is attributed to a static energy source formation at the void location affecting both material density and laser energy absorption.
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Submitted on : Friday, December 22, 2017 - 3:05:13 PM
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Hongfeng Ma, Roman Zakoldaev, Anton Rudenko, Maksim Sergeev, Vadim Veiko, et al.. Well-controlled femtosecond laser inscription of periodic void structures in porous glass for photonic applications. Optics Express, Optical Society of America, 2017, 25 (26), ⟨10.1364/OE.25.033261⟩. ⟨ujm-01671701⟩

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