On the Validity of Continuum Computational Fluid Dynamics Approach Under Very Low-Pressure Plasma Spray Conditions

Abstract : Plasma spray physical vapor deposition aims to substantially evaporate powders in order to produce coatings with various microstructures. This is achieved by powder vapor condensation onto the substrate and/or by deposition of fine melted powder particles and nanoclusters. The deposition process typically operates at pressures ranging between 10 and 200 Pa. In addition to the experimental works, numerical simulations are performed to better understand the process and optimize the experimental conditions. However, the combination of high temperatures and low pressure with shock waves initiated by supersonic expansion of the hot gas in the low-pressure medium makes doubtful the applicability of the continuum approach for the simulation of such a process. This work investigates (1) effects of the pressure dependence of thermodynamic and transport properties on computational fluid dynamics (CFD) predictions and (2) the validity of the continuum approach for thermal plasma flow simulation under very low-pressure conditions. The study compares the flow fields predicted with a continuum approach using CFD software with those obtained by a kinetic-based approach using a direct simulation Monte Carlo method (DSMC). It also shows how the presence of high gradients can contribute to prediction errors for typical PS-PVD conditions.
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https://hal-ujm.archives-ouvertes.fr/ujm-01671717
Contributor : Tatiana Itina <>
Submitted on : Friday, December 22, 2017 - 3:12:38 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, July 26, 2018 - 1:10:32 AM

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Dmitrii Ivchenko, Tao Zhang, Gilles Mariaux, Armelle Vardelle, Simon Goutier, et al.. On the Validity of Continuum Computational Fluid Dynamics Approach Under Very Low-Pressure Plasma Spray Conditions. Journal of Thermal Spray Technology, ASM International/Springer, 2017, pp.1-11. ⟨10.1007/s11666-017-0658-y⟩. ⟨ujm-01671717⟩

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