X-ray preconditioning for enhancing refractive index contrast in femtosecond laser photoinscription of embedded waveguides in pure silica

Abstract : We investigate femtosecond pulse laser-induced refractive index changes (∆n) in bulk fused silica (Corning 7980) subject to prior hard (40 keV) X-ray irradiation with accumulated doses up to 6 MGy. The preconditioning before photoinscription improves strongly the light transport of the laser-written embedded waveguides in a range of fluences and accumulation doses. Results show that the ultrafast laser-induced ∆n is higher in samples pre-irradiated with X-rays at similar laser photon dose. The effect lies in the kick-off generation of defects and precursors by energetic X-ray photons, enhancing a subsequent laser-induced densification process. The photoinscription efficiency increases up to a saturation point and the pre-treatment can be considered as an effective option for high contrast low loss index modifications and waveguiding structures in glasses.
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Journal articles
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https://hal-ujm.archives-ouvertes.fr/ujm-01964642
Contributor : Sylvain Girard <>
Submitted on : Saturday, December 22, 2018 - 10:30:30 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 20, 2019 - 2:39:47 AM

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Maxime Royon, Emmanuel Marin, Sylvain Girard, Aziz Boukenter, Youcef Ouerdane, et al.. X-ray preconditioning for enhancing refractive index contrast in femtosecond laser photoinscription of embedded waveguides in pure silica. Optical Materials Express, OSA pub, 2019, 9 (1), pp.65. ⟨10.1364/OME.9.000065⟩. ⟨ujm-01964642⟩

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