Growth and Decay Kinetics of Radiation-Induced Attenuation in Bulk Optical Materials

Abstract : Using a dedicated setup, the growth and decay kinetics of the radiation-induced attenuation (RIA) have been characterized during and after steady-state 40-keV X-ray exposures of bulk (1-cm thickness) optical materials. Such materials served to design the lenses of radiation-hardened cameras of the FURHIS Project intended to withstand MGy (SiO2) dose levels associated with ITER remote handling operations. RIA is monitored in situ in the 400- to 800-nm spectral domain for glass types ranging from radiation sensitive (BK7) to radiation hardened ones: pure silica, BK7G18, K5G20, and SF6G05 from SCHOTT. In addition to the detailed characterization of these various glasses, our study highlights the systematic underestimation of the RIA measured by the usual qualification approach consisting in postirradiation RIA measurements after dose steps. The error due to this underestimation is shown to strongly depend on the glass type, very large for the BK7G18 glass. This material is associated with high transient RIA, its loss levels exceed the ones of its nonrad-hard counterpart (BK7) at low dose levels. For the development of MGy radiation-hardened systems using these glasses, a vulnerability study of the in situ response of glass lenses appears mandatory. By improving our knowledge on the origin of these transient losses, appropriate hardening techniques to maintain the camera photometry budget will be tested in the future.
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Contributor : Sylvain Girard <>
Submitted on : Sunday, December 23, 2018 - 8:33:10 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 20, 2019 - 2:53:42 AM

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Sylvain Girard, Timothé Allanche, Philippe Paillet, Vincent Goiffon, Marco van Uffelen, et al.. Growth and Decay Kinetics of Radiation-Induced Attenuation in Bulk Optical Materials. IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2018, 65 (8), pp.1612-1618. ⟨10.1109/TNS.2017.2778318⟩. ⟨ujm-01964817⟩

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