Additive and Substractive Surface Structuring by Femtosecond Laser Induced Material Ejection and Redistribution

Abstract : A novel additive surface structuring process is devised, which involves localized, intense femtosecond laser irradiation. The irradiation induces a phase explosion of the material being irradiated, and a subsequent ejection of the ablative species that are used as additive building blocks. The ejected species are deposited and accumulated in the vicinity of the ablation site. This redistribution of the material can be repeated and controlled by raster scanning and multiple pulse irradiation. The deposition and accumulation cause the formation of µm-scale three-dimensional structures that surpass the initial surface level. The above-mentioned ablation, deposition, and accumulation all together constitute the proposed additive surface structuring process. In addition, the geometry of the three-dimensional structures can be further modified, if desirable, by a subsequent substractive ablation process. Microstructural analysis reveals a quasi-seamless conjugation between the surface where the structures grow and the structures additively grown by this method, and hence indicates the mechanic robustness of these structures. As a proof of concept, a sub-mm sized re-entrant structure and pillars are fabricated on aluminum substrate by this method. Single units as well as arrayed structures with arbitrary pattern lattice geometry are easily implemented in this additive surface structuring scheme. Engineered surface with desired functionalities can be realized by using this means, i.e., a surface with arrayed pillars being rendered with superhydrophobicity.
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Xxx Sedao, Matthieu Lenci, Anton Rudenko, Alina Pascale-Hamri, Jean-Philippe Colombier, et al.. Additive and Substractive Surface Structuring by Femtosecond Laser Induced Material Ejection and Redistribution. Materials, MDPI, 2018, 11 (12), pp.2456. ⟨10.3390/ma11122456⟩. ⟨ujm-02003589⟩

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