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Metric Learning in Optimal Transport for Domain Adaptation

Abstract : Domain Adaptation aims at benefiting from a labeled dataset drawn from a source distribution to learn a model from examples generated according to a different but related target distribution. Creating a domain-invariant representation between the two source and target domains is the most widely technique used. A simple and robust way to perform this task consists in (i) representing the two domains by subspaces described by their respective eigenvectors and (ii) seeking a mapping function which aligns them. In this paper, we propose to use Optimal Transport (OT) and its associated Wasserstein distance to perform this alignment. While the idea of using OT in domain adaptation is not new, the original contribution of this paper is twofold: (i) we derive a generalization bound on the target error involving several Wasserstein distances. This prompts us to optimize the ground metric of OT to reduce the target risk. (ii) From this theoretical analysis, we design an algorithm (MLOT) which optimizes a Mahalanobis distance leading to a transportation plan that adapts better. Experiments demonstrate the effectiveness of this original approach.
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https://hal-ujm.archives-ouvertes.fr/ujm-02611800
Contributor : Tanguy Kerdoncuff <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, July 15, 2020 - 4:17:12 PM
Last modification on : Monday, August 3, 2020 - 8:52:26 AM

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  • HAL Id : ujm-02611800, version 3

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Tanguy Kerdoncuff, Rémi Emonet, Marc Sebban. Metric Learning in Optimal Transport for Domain Adaptation. International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Jan 2021, Kyoto, Japan. ⟨ujm-02611800v3⟩

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