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Journal Articles Photonics Year : 2021

Multiscale Laser Written Photonic Structures in Bulk Chalcogenide Glasses for Infrared Light Transport and Extraction

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Abstract

Direct ultrafast laser processing is nowadays considered the most flexible technique allowing to generate complex 3D optical functions in bulk glasses. The fact that the built-in optical element is embedded in the material brings several advantages in terms of prototype stability and lifetime, but equally in terms of complexity and number of possible applications, due to the 3D design. The generated optical functions, and in particular the single mode character of the light guiding element alongside the accessibility toward different spectral windows, depend on the refractive index contrast that can be achieved within the material transparency window and on the characteristic dimensions of the optical modification. In particular, the accessibility to the infrared and mid-infrared spectral domains, and to the relevant applications in sensing and imaging, requires increasing the cross-section of the guiding element in order to obtain the desired normalized frequency. Moreover, efficient signal extraction from the transported light requires nanometer size void-like index structures. All this demands a thorough knowledge and an optimal control of the material response within the interaction with the ultrafast laser pulse. We present here an overview of some recent results concerning large-mode-area light transport and extraction in sulfur-based chalcogenide mid-infrared glasses, putting emphasis on the study of the glass response to ultrafast lasers. We then demonstrate the utilization of the achieved optimized local index modifications for building efficient and compact embedded spectrometers (linear optical functions) and saturable absorbers (nonlinear optical functions) for integrated photonic applications in the infrared and mid-infrared spectral ranges.
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Origin : Publication funded by an institution

Dates and versions

ujm-03271078 , version 1 (18-07-2021)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Ciro D’amico, Guillermo Martin, Johann Troles, Guanghua Cheng, Razvan Stoian. Multiscale Laser Written Photonic Structures in Bulk Chalcogenide Glasses for Infrared Light Transport and Extraction. Photonics, 2021, 8 (6), pp.211. ⟨10.3390/photonics8060211⟩. ⟨ujm-03271078⟩
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